Hazard Prevention and Control is a fundamental principle behind any occupational health and safety program. However, before hazards can be controlled, they must be identified or recognized, and then evaluated to determine the level of risk that they present. This process is known as Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment or the Recognition, Evaluation and Control of Hazards. The objectives of this program are to bring about:
Greater awareness of the need to recognize workplace hazards
Improved ability to recognize the hazards that are present in the workplace
Greater awareness of the ways in which hazards can be properly evaluated to decide the amount of risk present
An understanding of the different methods of hazard control that can be implemented, including elimination, substitution, and administrative and engineering controls
An understanding of the role of personal protective equipment
A general understanding of the Recognition, Evaluation and Control of Hazards process, its requirements and benefits.